Our rug production process is completely in-house and true to generations of Afghan tradition. Each rug is painstakingly fashioned by local artisans using local material. The very essence of these pieces are authentically artisan-made and embody the heritage of Afghanistan.
Our hand-spun wool comes from the province of Ghazni, located in the southeastern part of the country. This wool is of premium quality as it is a long staple wool that provides an excellent hand and a gorgeous abrash color variation after the washing and cutting processes. Some of our rugs are woven with Afghan machine-spun wool to achieve a different effect. All the carpet construction details are located in product descriptions.
After the wool is sheared, it is then separated by a specific comb that not only cleans the wool, but also orients the wool fibers, preparing it for spinning.
The spinning of the wool is a very specific trade where the women take the raw wool and create a skein of yarn by twisting fibers together on a spindle. In some instances, two skeins of yarn may be plied together to create a double yarn strand.
The skeins of yarn are then dyed in a large dye vat. Both natural dyes and aniline dyes are used to achieve specific colors. A few of our carpets utilize the natural color of wool and therefore no yarn is dyed for these carpets.
Hand-knotted Rug: This is the rug weaving technique where knots are individually tied in order to create a high pile rug. This process is longer, more complex, and more intricate than the flat-woven process. This rug results in thousands of knots being tied and woven on the foundation yarns.
Our hand-knotted rugs are meticulously woven, producing an incredible number of knots per square inch. For these rugs, designs are read, knot by knot, by the weavers in order to create the desired pattern. As many as 3 weavers can work on one loom for over three months to produce an 8 x10 carpet.
Flat-woven Rug: These hand-woven rugs do not incorporate knots and therefore, they do not have a high pile. These rugs use a variety of colored yarns that are woven over and under the foundation yarns to create a flat rug that is reversible.
Our flat-woven rugs are woven based off of a specific design or from memory. Most of the motifs used in our flat-woven carpets are generational designs that tell the story of the Afghan people. Qadimi seeks to blend traditional motifs with fresh, bold color ways.
Burning, Washing, and the Final Cut
The final step is to burn away unruly surface fibers, wash, cut, and to tie off the rugs. With our hand-knotted carpets, a beautiful abrash design with a desirable hand is revealed. The vibrant colors on our flat-woven kilims and soumak rugs are visible after washing.